Karen Ludwig

Your member of parliament for

New Brunswick Southwest

Karen Ludwig

Your member of parliament for

New Brunswick Southwest


Lyme Disease Resources

Important Note: If you think you might have Lyme Disease,
contact your health care provider right away.

Lyme Awareness Resources

Jump to:
Causes of Lyme Disease and How it Spreads
Preventing Lyme Disease
Risk Areas and Activities
Removing Ticks
Symptoms of Lyme Disease

See Also:


Causes of Lyme Disease and How it Spreads

Lyme disease is caused by the bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi.

Lyme disease is an infectious disease spread through the bite of infected ticks. In our region, blacklegged ticks  attach on to humans and animals to feed and spread the disease.

If you are bitten by a blacklegged tick, it does not mean you will get a tick-borne disease.  Not all blacklegged ticks are infected with disease causing pathogens.  Only nymph and adult stages can transmit infection.  And blacklegged ticks often do not start to feed for the first 24 hours after attaching themselves to a host because they are preparing their bodies to significantly expand during feeding.  Spread of tick-borne diseases typically require a minimum attachment time of at least 24 hours.

Learn more about the causes of Lyme disease

Preventing Lyme Disease

Reducing the exposure to ticks at home:

Learn more about how you can prevent the spread of Lyme disease


In New Brunswick, currently identified risk areas for Lyme disease are:

Take extra precautions against tick bites when participating in these activities:

Learn more about risk areas and activities related to Lyme disease

Removing ticks

Removing ticks within 24-36 hours after the tick bite usually prevents infection. You can remove a tick that has latched onto you by following these steps.

  1. Using clean tweezers, grasp the head as close to the skin as possible and slowly pull straight out. Try not to twist or crush the tick.
  2. If the mouthparts break off and remain in the skin, remove them with tweezers or, if you are unable to remove them easily, leave them alone and let the skin heal. Consult your healthcare provider.
  3. Wash the bite area and yours hands with soap and water or disinfect with alcohol hand sanitizer.
  4. Try to save the tick that bit you in a sealed container and record the date of the bite. Bring it to your medical appointment as it may help the doctor in their assessment of your illness.
  5. Ticks can be disposed of in household garbage once they are dead, and they can be killed by drowning them in rubbing alcohol or by freezing for several hours. Avoid squashing ticks with exposed fingers.
  6. Don’t try to remove the tick by using nail polish, petroleum jelly or heat to burn the tick.

Visit your health care provider as soon as possible if:

  • You are not comfortable with removing a tick.
  • You cannot remove the tick because it has buried itself deep into your skin.

If you develop symptoms of Lyme disease after being bitten, contact your health care provider right away. Tell them:

  • How long you think the tick was attached to you.
  • Where you were when you were bitten by the tick.

Symptoms of Lyme Disease

In this section:

What are the symptoms of Lyme disease?

Symptoms of Lyme disease can be different from person to person.

Early signs and symptoms of Lyme disease usually start 3 to 30 days after you have been bitten by an infected blacklegged tick. Most people experience mild flu-like symptoms soon after being bitten, while a small number may have more serious symptoms, sometimes weeks after the bite.

Early signs and symptoms of Lyme disease may include:

If left untreated, more severe symptoms may occur and can last from months to years.  Severe symptoms may include:

Post-treatment symptoms

You may experience symptoms that last months to years after treatment. This is a condition known as post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS).

Symptoms of PTLDS can include:

What do you do if you become ill?

Consult your health care provider right away if you develop symptoms of Lyme disease after being bitten by a tick or if you visited a known at risk area for Lyme disease. The earlier a diagnosis is made, the greater the chance of a successful treatment.

If you saved the tick that bit you, bring it to your medical appointment. Tell your doctor:

  • How long you estimate that the tick was attached to you.
  • Where you were when you were bitten by the tick.